Liposomes have the ability to transport both water and fatty substances, which makes them an ideal transport system for substances needed by the cells of our body. Liposomes are structures that arise spontaneously from phospholipids. They have the form of bubbles with a size of 0.01-1 micrometers filled with water (or an aqueous solution), surrounded by a double lipid layer with a thickness of approx. 5 nanometers, hence they are also called phospholipid vesicles. Their shell is similar to biological membranes. Phospholipid vesicles are made of the same components as the membranes of our body cells and are small enough to penetrate the walls of blood vessels.
Vitamin B3 (PP, niacin, nicotinic acid) plays important roles in the body - it is responsible for the proper functioning of the brain, peripheral nervous system, and the synthesis of sex hormones. In turn, scientists from the Federal University of Technology in Lausanne (Switzerland) have shown that vitamin B3 can ... increase self-confidence. Niacin is primarily one of the elements that make up two extremely important coenzymes: NAD and NADP. Each of them, by combining with a protein, produces an enzyme called oxidoreductase. In turn, oxidoreductase is a compound that has an inseparable impact on the metabolism of all the basic macronutrients of our food - proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Niacin supplementation also benefits the immune system. Research shows that the systematic use of vitamin B3 leads to an increase in the number of neutrophils. These are white blood cells that allow the destruction of pathogenic microorganisms in the form of bacteria. Vitamin PP also improves the functionality of the central nervous system. Vitamin B5 is involved in changes related to energy management in the body, including in the oxidation and synthesis of fatty acids, which is especially important for athletes. Vitamin B5 also participates in the synthesis of cholesterol, steroid hormones (such as cortisol, testosterone, estradiol, progesterone), neurotransmitters (serotonin, dopamine) as well as vitamin A and vitamin D. It also participates in the regeneration of skin cells and mucous membranes, and also participates in producing antibodies that are part of the immune system. It also supports the process of hair pigmentation, so it can prevent gray hair. Vitamin B2, or riboflavin, has various functions in the body: it enhances immune processes and is essential for the proper functioning of the eyesight and nervous system. One of the most common symptoms of riboflavin deficiency is cracking in the corners of the mouth, known as seizures.
Vitamin B6 is essential for the proper functioning of the nervous system. Its deficiency can cause various types of neurological changes, including premature aging of neurons. Vitamin B6 as a coenzyme is involved in the synthesis of glycogen (a reserve compound of many important organs) and in the metabolism of complex carbohydrates. Its sufficient consumption ensures the proper synthesis of glycogen and the conversion of glycogen into glucose. It also affects the hematopoietic system. In addition, it protects against the development of atherosclerosis caused by high levels of homocysteine in the body. In addition, its presence is necessary for the synthesis of neurohormones such as serotonin, adrenaline. Vitamin B1, also called thiamine, is part of a large group of B vitamins. Its essential role is to ensure the proper functioning of the nervous system. It also affects the process of wound healing and pain sensation, and its deficiency in extreme cases may lead to the atrophy of the myelin sheath in the motor nerves, which may result in peripheral nerve paralysis or muscle atrophy.
Biotin, like many B vitamins, is closely related to the structure and function of skin, nails and hair. Research shows that people who take biotin supplementation have harder nails that also crumble less. Vitamin B7 affects not only the appearance of our skin. It also takes part in the formation of prothrombin, which plays a significant role in blood clotting. In addition, this vitamin participates in such important processes as, for example, glucose production, it also has an impact on the work of the thyroid gland, supports its work.
Vitamin B12 plays an important role in the proper functioning of the body. Vitamin B12 is responsible for the proper development of nerve cells as it participates in the synthesis of choline, which is a component of phospholipids in the myelin sheath of nerve fibers. In addition, vitamin B12 determines cell division and the synthesis of DNA and RNA nucleic acids and proteins involved in their building. The presence of vitamin B12 influences the functioning of carnitine, thanks to which vitamin B12 indirectly leads to the reduction of the amount of lipids (fats) in the blood, as it contributes to their utilization. Vitamin B12 affects the skeletal system, which is of particular importance for the development of children and for women during menopause, who are at risk of osteoporosis in this period, consisting in bone loss.
Vitamin A is an extremely important vitamin that is essential for the functioning of our body. It has a large share in the process of vision, influences growth, regulates the growth of epithelial tissue and other cells of the body. In addition, it has anti-cancer properties, protects the epithelium of the respiratory system against microbes, strengthens the immune system, prevents infections, helps fight bacteria and viruses, maintains the proper condition of the skin, hair and nails, and also affects the proper functioning of cell membranes. It is one of the most important compounds that builds the body's immunity. People who work at the computer, pregnant women, alcoholics and smokers, and the elderly are all in need of more vitamin A. Vitamin A deficiency is most often manifested by: poor vision after dusk (so-called "night blindness"), hair loss and brittleness, stunted growth, chapped skin and rash, drying out of the cornea and conjunctiva of the eye, the presence of brittle and slowly growing nails, increased susceptibility to bacterial and viral infections, acne, pimples, prone to diarrhea.